Growing tomatoes is hugely rewarding, and a great beginner crop as they are so versatile for both eating raw and cooking. There can be some effort involved, they have quite a long growing season and need plenty of water. They are however worth the effort. I will be covering:-
- What Variety
- Where to grow tomatoes
- Best time of year to grow tomatoes
- Can I grow a tomato from a tomato?
- What you will need
- How To Start
Cherry, Roma, Beefsteak, Early Super sweet. There are many varieties of tomato. It really comes down to your own taste. What type of tomato you prefer, eat the most, or cook with. One of the easiest to grow is the Cherry tomato. Bush variety tomatoes need little support and easily grow in containers. San Marzano Tomatoes are a long and thin meaty tomato, an early producer and cope well in a wet cooler climates like the UK and excellent for sauces.
Where to grow tomatoes
Tomatoes can be grown in pots, grow bags, raised beds, hanging baskets and the ground. Literally anywhere that you have space and sunshine.
They need watering and try not to let them dry out too much then flood them or you will have burst skins.
Depending on the variety you will need to provide support for the plant as it grows, this can be against a fence or wall or by using canes and/or cages.
Best Time Of Year To Grow Tomatoes
Tomatoes thrive with 6-8 hours of daily sunshine, however mine have grown on less. They can be grown indoors, in greenhouses and outside. When planting out they will need to be after frosts, but seedlings can be grown inside so that they are ready to plant out once your frosts have passed.
Can I grow a tomato from a tomato?
Yes you can, you can take a slice of a tomato with the seeds in and plant it, keep it moist and within 7-14 days you will start to see seedlings.
What will I need
- Some sort of container with drainage holes (If no drainage holes you can use Stones/broken pottery/used tea bags)
- A waterproof container for the above container to sit in household plate/ lid/tray/gardening trays
How To Start
You can purchase ready made plants at nurseries and garden centres, however, if you wish to grow from seed, see below.
- Make holes in your container or fill with alternative drainage option
- Put in the compost allowing allowing about 2-3cm clearance from the top.
- With your finger just make a line I have made 2 lines in the soil in the square plastic container shown roughly 5-7 mm’s deep.
- Sprinkle or place seeds as recommended on the packet.
- Cover them back over with the compost.
- Water and place them where you want them to go depending on your climate, space or season.
- Once large enough to plant out (after first truss flowering) and your frosts have passed, then choose your container, area, or grow bag and move them into their new space.
- Once growing you may need to add a cane or some sort of support and carefully and gently tie the stalk to the support.
- As they grow cut or pinch of side shoots (those that are between the leaf and the main stem).
- Tomatoes need reach fertile soil, so feeding is recommended, there are many tomato fertilisers around. I tend to feed mine from my kitchen scraps, for example, coffee and tea pot leftovers, including the water. Onion and garlic leftovers, cut small and surrounding stems, to help keep slugs and snails away. I top up with home compost, I have tended to find that this is enough to provide a fruitful delicious harvest.
Its late September in the UK as I write this. I have been busy the last few weeks and rather neglected my raised bed tomatoes and they have gone crazy so this week as we are largely quickly running out of sunshine hours and certainly any sunshine, should we get any lacks any intense heat. I have therefore cut them right back, Only keeping anything with fruit on it. I would normally allow my tomatoes to get to the 5th truss before stopping any further growth. I tied them high out of the way of slugs and snails that are around as it is also wet. I’m hoping the sunshine due this weekend will help turn the last of them. There was also some flowers, I suspect it is too late for them, but it will be interesting to see if they develop should we have a blast of some sunshine come October, even if I get green tomatoes, they can still be used.
So you have a harvest…what now? Initially you are bound to have a few at a time. I love nothing more than picking my lettuce some tomatoes and herbs for a side salad with dinner or for a wrap with Falafel. As more start ripening, I then start using them in recipes or pasta sauces, and this time of year I love to make Roasted Mediterranean Vegetable Soup, its one of my favourites…. Warm and hearty summer tastes on a chilly autumn night.
For Roasted Mediterranean Vegetable Soup recipe click here